Description and primary symptoms of the most common respiratory diseases among the elderly.
Respiratory system diseases are essential in our environment and especially in the elderly because they have a direct effect on health and quality of life. Sometimes you are not able to take care of your father in all his illnesses, and you have to recognize that he needs nursing senior care Tijuana. In this article, we describe the main ones so that you know the symptomatology and possible ways of improvement.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a group of respiratory infections that are characterized by irreversible airflow limitation, is undoubtedly the most important. Several studies consider that the year 2020 COPD will be the fifth cause of years of life lost and years of experience with disabilities, after heart disease, depression, traffic accidents and cerebrovascular diseases.
Smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Other less frequent reasons are those of genetic origin, occupational exposure, passive smoking, environmental contamination, bronchial hyperactivity or respiratory infections, although their importance is minimal. Almost 50% of older smokers / ex-smokers with chronic respiratory symptoms such as a cough, expectoration and respiratory whistles may have COPD. There is an identified relationship between exposure to tobacco and a deterioration in lung function.
Stopping smoking slows the progression of the disease. But, besides, the number and severity of the exacerbations/complications decrease. Physical exercise, nutrition, hygiene, and vaccinations can reduce the effects of the disease.
Another essential respiratory disease for large people is the flu, which is often confused with colds. Both occur with a cough, runny nose, runny nose, headache or neck … but the flu has more pronounced symptoms and is accompanied by high fever and muscle pain.
The flu is a very contagious viral disease. Older people have a higher risk of complications due to the flu. As influenza viruses usually change each year, you have to get vaccinated early in the fall to prevent it.
Pneumonia is a lung infection that affects the lower respiratory tract. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses and in some cases fungi (in patients with low defenses).
Several risk factors favor pneumonia: age: 65 and older; the flu or other respiratory diseases; chronic diseases, such as diseases of the heart or lungs; aspiration pneumonia due to problems with swallowing.